Xii JPI-ATAXriSTA AND INI A 381 The following are its main characters :—Dorsal fin absent. Eyes rudimentary. Pectoral fins large and truncated at the extremity. Teeth, about twenty-nine in each half of each jaw. Scapula with the acroniion coinciding with its anterior edge. Skull with enormous maxillary crests, and with the palatines entirely concealed by the pterygoids. The length of the above definition will serve to indicate how anomalous in many particulars is the structure of this " Dolphin/' There is apparently but one species, P. gnngetica^ the " Susu." The Indian vernacular name is derived from the sound that the animal makes when spouting. It is an inhabitant of the Ganges and the Indus, together with their tributaries, and ascends very high up its streams. It is also thought to "be purely fluviatile and never to desert the rivers for the sea. JPlatanista lives chiefly by grubbing: in the mud for prawns and fish. Grains of rice have also been found in the stomach, but this would seem to be accidental. The long snout of the Susu has been compared to tli-2 long snout of the G-harial, a native of the same region. This Whale grows \o a length of over 9 feet, but this length is exceptional. Its anatomy has been elaborately described by Dr. Anderson.1 The next genus, Inia, is thus to be characterised :—Dorsal fin rudimentary ; pectorals large and ovate. Teeth, as many as thirty- two on each side, often with an additional tubercle. Skull without large maxillary crests; palatines not hidden by pterygoids^ but divided by vomer. The vertebrae of this genus are few in number, only forty-one in all, which are thus distributed : C 7, D 13, I* 3, Ca 18. The peculiarities of the vertebral column are several. In the first place, as has been mentioned in the definition of the family, all the cervicals are separate and individually of some length. Secondly 9 the axis has a better trace of an odontoid process than, in any other Whale except Platanista, where it is even more obvious. The lumbar region is remarkable on account of its restriction to three vertebrae. The sternum, by what we must regard as convergence, is somewhat like that of the Whalebone whales. It consists of one piece only, of a roughly-oval form, to which apparently only two pairs of (cartilaginous) sternal ribs are attached. In the fore-limb the proportions between the humerus and the radius are more like 1 Anatomical Jtesearchese JVwnati Mep. 1878, p. 417.